Below are listed important legislative milestones in the fight towards gender equality.

Legislative Milestones

Women, Peace, and Security Act of 2017
Women, Peace, and Security Strategic Framework and Implementation Plan (2020)
Department of Defense
Department and Agency Implementation Plans for The U.S. Strategy on Women, Peace, and Security (2020)
Department of Homeland Security
U.S. Strategy on Women, Peace, and Security of 2019
Department of State
Women, Peace, and Security Implementation Plan (2020)
United States Agency for International Development (USAID)


UN Security Council Resolutions

UNSCR 1325 (2000)
Acknowledges the distinctive quality of women’s experiences in conflict and recognises the role they play in peace and security.
UNSCR 1820 (2008)
First UNSCR to recognize sexual violence as a tactic and weapon of war.
UNSCR 1888 (2009)
Re-iterates the severity of sexual violence and strengthens the mechanisms and tools used to implement UNSCR 1820 by appointing special representatives for sexual violence in conflict.
UNSCR 1889 (2009)
Calls for greater reporting and monitoring on women’s participation at all levels of the peace process and post conflict stage
UNSCR 1960 (2010)
Confirms the importance of ending conflict-related sexual violence by creating accountability systems which encourages increased monitoring, analysis, and reporting.
UNSCR 2106 (2013)
Addresses operational concerns and provides guidelines to combat sexual violence and impunity.
UNSCR 2122 (2013)
Urges all parties to take stronger measures to facilitate equal, full and meaningful participation of women in conflict resolution and recovery.
UNSCR 2242 (2015)
Refocuses the WPS agenda set out by UNSCR 1325 by addressing implementation hurdles of gender mainstreaming in the UN system.
UNSCR 2272 (2016)
Addresses sexual exploitation and abuse in peace operations
UNSCR 2331 (2016)
First-ever resolution on human trafficking, which emphasizes that human trafficking can exacerbate conflict and foster insecurity



2020 Report on International Religious Freedom
Department of State: Office of International Religious Freedom
2020 Country Report on Human Rights Practices
Department of State: Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor
Agenda 2063
African Union
The Strategic Centrality of Women, Peace, and Security: A Call to Mainstream in Professional Military Education (2021)
Air University: Lt. Col. Casey M. Grider, USAF
October 2020 AWC WPS Resource Report
Army War College
January 2021 WPS Librarian Report
Army War College
NATO Annual Report – Chapter on Women, Peace and Security
NATO Secretary General
Inter-American Commission on Human Rights Annual Report (2020)
Gender Inclusive Framework and Theory: A Guide for Turning Theory into Practice (2018)
U.S. Institute of Peace
Turning Promises Into Action: Gender Equality in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (2018)
UN Women
Preventing Conflict, Transforming Justice, Securing the Peace (2015)
UN Women
What Women Want: Planning and Financing for Gender-Responsive Peacebuilding (2011)
UN Women
Guidance Note: Identifying Women’s Peace and Security Priorities: Building Voice and Influence (2010)
UN Women
Women’s Participation in Peace Negotiations: Connections between Presence and Influence (2010)
UN Women
Addressing Conflict-Related Sexual Violence: An Analytical Inventory of Peacekeeping Practice (2010)
UN Women
Women Targeted or Affected by Armed Conflict: What Role for Military Peacekeepers? (2008)
UN Women
Women Building Peace and Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict-Affected Contexts (2007)
UN Women
Gender-Sensitive Police Reform in Post-Conflict Societies (2007)
UN Women
Policy Briefing Paper: Gender and Conflict Analysis (2006)
UN Women
United States Commission on International Religious Freedom Annual Report 2021
Toward a Gender-Inclusive National Security Strategy (2021)
United States Institute of Peace

NAtional and Regional Resources

103 Countries have published WPS National Action PLans (NAP) – Identify a Specific countries NAP Here and HEre 
Joint Statement on Promoting the Women, Peace, and Security Agenda (2019)
ASEAN Regional Forum
National Action Plan 2017-2022 – For the Implementation of the UN Security Council Resolutions on Women, Peace and Security
The Dakar Declaration on the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (2010)
Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security 2019-2024
European Union
Policy for the implementation of UNSCR 1325 on Women, Peace and Security (2018)
North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
Women, Peace and Transforming Security: Visions of the Future of Women, Peace and Security for NATO (2020)
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Women, Peace and Security at NATO: Integration, Inclusiveness, Integrity (2020)
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Statement on Women, Peace, and Security (2020)
Statement by the Special Envoy of the Chairperson of the African Union Commission on Women, Peace, and Security, HE MME Bineta Diop
Action Plan for the Promotion of Gender Equality (2004)
Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
African Union Continental Results Framework (2018-2028)
Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) Regional Action Plan (RAP) for the implementation of Resolution 1325 and related Security Council resolutions (2020-2024) 
Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Department of Political Affairs, Peace and Security (PAPS): Guidelines on Women, Peace and Security (2020)
Southern African Development Community (SADC) Regional Strategy on Women, Peace and Security (2018-2022)
The East African Community (EAC) Regional Framework on United Nations Security Council Resolution (2015-2019)
International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR) Regional Action Plan for the Implementation of UNSCR 1325 (2018-2023)
The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in Eastern Africa Regional Action Plan on United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1325 (2000) and 1820 (2008). Adopted in 2013
League of Arab States (LAS) Regional Action Plan on Women Peace and Security in the Arab Region (2015-2030)
North Atlantic Treaty Organization/ Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (NATO/EAPC) Policy and Action Plan (2018)
Pacific Islands Forum Regional Action Plan (2012-2015)


Humanitarian Law

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
UN General Assembly
Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
UN General Assembly
Conventions on the Rights of the Child
UN General Assembly
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
UN General Assembly
Responsibility to Protect
UN General Assembly
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
UN General Assembly
International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights
UN General Assembly
Article 8 “War Crimes” of Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court
UN Secretary General

Link to UN page here


Resource Hubs

WPS Global Database
North Atlantic Treaty Organization